Glossary

TIP:
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AI Speaker Layout
An option in the Editor that controls the layout of participant videos in the exported clip. The positions of videos dynamically swap based on who is speaking, so that the speaking participant is always displayed larger on the exported video.

All Participants Internet Backup
A backup file that contains the audio and/or video of a session's recorded participants in one MP4 file.

Audience Member
Participant role that allows people to watch the recording session in the Studio. They are not recorded unless granted permission during a Live Call-In.

Audio Input Device
Microphone or virtual mic used during a Studio recording session.

Audio Interface
Hardware that connects one or more microphones to a computer (usually via USB). It converts the mic's analog signal into a digital signal.

Audio Mixer
Hardware or software that combines the signals from one or more microphones and allows each input signal to be adjusted in real-time during a performance or recording session.

Audio Output Device
Speakers or headphones used during a Studio recording session.

Audio Sample Rate
Number of times an audio signal is digitally sampled per second. Riverside's default audio sample rate is 44.1 kHz but it can be changed to 48 kHz.


Bitrate
The number of bits per second that are recorded in a media file. Typically, a higher bitrate leads to larger files with higher quality. For audio, Riverside uses Linear PCM (see below).


Clip
The media file created when Riverside's Editor combines the separate tracks from a recording session that is ready to download and share. Clips can be a short excerpt or include the entire recording session.

Clipping
Audio distortion and reduced quality that occurs when an audio signal is louder than the allowed limit. This is shown from the participant's volume meter in the Studio's sidebar.

Constant Frame Rate
In the Studio, Riverside records participants' video tracks with the same amount of frames per second so the videos can be more easily imported to desktop editing software.


Dashboard
Pages on Riverside where you can create new Studios, adjust Studio settings, access past recordings, share recorded files, and change your account settings.


Echo Cancellation 
If you are not using headphones, this limits how much the audio of other participants is picked up by your microphone to reduce audio feedback in the Studio.

Editor
Edit and export your full combined recording or clip excerpts on Riverside in your computer's browser. In just a few steps, you can customize the video layout, apply audio processing, and add a logo or background graphic. (Also known as the Magic Editor.)

External mic
A microphone connected to a computer or mobile device, rather than an audio input that is built into the computer or mobile device.


Frame Rate
The rate at which individual image frames are recorded or displayed in a video to simulate movement, such as 24, 25, or 29.97 frames per second (FPS).


Guest
A participant who is invited to a Riverside Studio and recorded.


High Quality Track
Media files that are locally recorded by a participant's computer or device. Unlike Internet Backups, these tracks are not impacted by a partipant's slow internet connection.

Host
The recorded participant in a Riverside Studio who has full control over a session and its settings.


Internet Backup Recording
Internet-based files of the session's recorded audio and video. The quality of each person's backup depends on their internet connection during the live call.


Latency
The time a signal takes to travel to a device which processes and records or broadcasts it, similar to lag or delay. Also a factor during a live stream.

Local Recording
A recording that takes place on the computer or device instead of over the internet. This recording is in studio quality and won't include the disruptions caused by bad internet connection. For each Guest, you can download a separate locally recorded track.

Lobby
Before joining a Studio, participants enter a display name and select the mic, camera, and speaker to use during the recording on this page. (Also known as the Green Room.)

Linear PCM
Recordings on Riverside use this method to save uncompressed high-quality audio. (See also Bitrate, above.)

Live Call-In
A feature in the Riverside Studio that allows Audience members request to join the conversation and be recorded like other invited Guests.


Media Board
Studio feature where the Studio's Host can upload and play video and audio content during recording sessions; the media is available as a separate track download after the session.

MP4 Video
Participant tracks are available to download as a locally recorded MP4 video file, usually with a constant frame rate (CFR) encoded by Riverside.


Noise Reduction
If enabled when recording, this setting lessens background noises such as AC fans, heaters, and other ambient sounds on the separated tracks of all Studio participants.

Normalize Gain
When exporting a clip or combined recording from the Editor, this option equalizes the audio levels of the participants to bring them within the same volume range.


Private Studio
Studio setting that, when enabled, prevents Audience members from watching a recording session live, even if they have an invite link for that Studio from a prior session.

Production
Riverside Teams accounts are organized into Productions that contain Studios. The Teams account owner can invite other users to join one or more Productions.

Producer
A Studio participant who monitors and assists the recording session with similar abilities as the Host. The Producer is not recorded and a local High Quality Track is not created for them.

Public Studio
Studio setting that, when enabled, allows anyone with an Audience invite link to watch the recording session live.


Recordings
A Riverside Studio creates a new session each time the Host starts and stops a recording. (Sometimes also called a 'take.') Each session includes separate, High Quality Tracks of the recorded participants.

Recording ID
A unique, 32-character code that helps Riverside's support team check your recording and provide assistance.

Resolution (video)
The number of pixels a digital video can display, expressed as width × height, such as 1920 × 1080. You can change a Studio's default maximum recording resolution, however the resolution of the final High Quality Track may depend on the capabilities of a participant's camera.


Screen share
The Studio's Host, Guests, and Producers can share a program's window, a browser tab, or their entire desktop screen with other participants during a recording. The shared screen is recorded as a separate video track and can be downloaded.

Separate Track
Audio/video that is recorded locally on each participant's device and is not affected by their internet connection.

Sidebar
The panel on the right side of the computer browser's recording Studio with key information about the current recording, participants, and text chat.

Sound Bleed
Leakage of one audio output into another audio input that can cause an echo, such as your microphone picking up the sound of your headphones or speakers. Also known as audio spill or leak.

Stream Key

A streaming platform provides this unique code, similar to a password, so Riverside can connect and send your multimedia stream to the correct video page or post.

Stream URL
Together with the Stream Key, Riverside uses this specific web address to send a multimedia live stream to another platform like YouTube or LinkedIn.

Studio
The Studio is where you can access your recording studio, download previous recordings, customize studio settings, and invite participants.

Synced WAV
An uncompressed WAV audio file that includes empty space at the beginning of the track to align with other separate tracks when imported to editing software. These files are available when a Studio is set to record Audio Only.


Timecode
In a text transcript file, these numbers tell media players when to display the caption text during playback.

Teams Account
A Riverside plan that lets multiple people collaborate closely on projects together and includes different permissions for the members of the team. (Previously called an Enterprise account.)

Teams Studio
A Studio created by a member of a Teams account that has additional remove: Studio and participant management features like adding a custom logo, recording at a specific frame rate, camera controls, and prompting a participant to change their input device.

Track ID
A short identifier assigned to every recorded track file (a participant's display name followed by a series of numbers of letters) that helps Riverside's support team provide assistance.


Upload Control
Setting that allows the Host or Producer to pause the automatic track upload of a participant to preserve their internet bandwidth during the live call.

Upload Page
Web page on Riverside.fm that automatically checks for any track uploads still in progress after a recording session on a participant's computer and completes them.


Participant Role
Each person in a recording session joins the Studio in a specific role—Host, Guest, Producer, or Audience member—and has different abilities in the Studio depending on their role.


Video Frame
In a Riverside Studio, each participant's video is displayed in a frame (or 'tile') that you can expand, reposition, or make fullscreen. The frame shows a participant's initials if their camera is turned off or they have an unstable internet connection.

Video Input Device
External camera, webcam, or virtual camera used during your recording session.


Waiting Room
When this setting is enabled, participants joining the session must wait on the Studio's Lobby page. The Host or Producers accept or decline them before they enter the Studio.

WAV
The uncompressed audio of a participant's locally recorded track that you can download after the Studio session.


XLR connector
A cable used to connect certain microphones to an audio mixer or audio interface. The audio mixer or interface can then be connected to a computer, usually with a USB cable.


4K
A very high resolution video dimension of 3840 pixels wide by 2160 pixels high, often referred to as '2160p (4K) video.' Compare it with Full HD 1920 × 1080, and Standard HD 1280 × 720.

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